Why is Emperor Raja Raja Cholan Standing outside Big Temple?

Thanjai Nalankilli

TAMIL TRIBUNE, April 2001 (ID.2001-04-03)

Definitions:

Hindians: People whose mother tongue is Hindi; much of Uttar PradeshMadya Pradesh and some surrounding areas in northern India is their homeland. Hindian politicians control and dominate the Indian government because they form the single largest block in the Indian parliament.

Outline

1. Background

2. A Brief Biography of Raja Raja Cholan

3. The Reason Why?

A Note about Names

The three ruling dynasties of old Tamil Nadu are written and pronounced in Tamil as Cheran, Cholan and Pandian (or Cherar, Cholar and Pandiar) but most English writers write them as Chera, Chola and Pandia. We may use it interchangeably. (Cholan is sometimes spelled as Chozhan. Pandian is also sometimes spelled as Pandyan or Pandiyan).

1. Background

Emperor Raja Raja Cholan built the Thanjai Big Temple (also referred to as Thanjavur Peria Koil or Tanjore Big Temple) almost a thousand years ago; it took 4 years of construction and was dedicated in1010 AD. Why is his statue not allowed in the temple grounds and is standing on a public street further away from the view of the thousands of visitors to the temple? We are not talking about installing the statue inside the temple but within the outer walls of the temple where visitors can see it. There are other structures within the outer wall. In fact, we see a statue of Raja Rajan and his queen Ko-perum-thevi in the Tiruvisalur temple. This statue was there well before there was an Indian Government. But, alas, the Indian Government would not permit the statue of this great Tamil emperor to be installed on the grounds of the temple he built.

Some two decades ago the Tamil Nadu State government commissioned a statue of the Emperor and intended to place it within the outer walls of the Thanjai Big Temple. The Indian Government told the Tamil Nadu Government that it would not allow the statue inside the temple grounds. So the latter placed it in a nearby street. The outcome is, the many thousands of devotees and tourists who visit the temple do not see the statue.

You may wonder why the Tamil Nadu Government has to get Indian Government’s permission to install the statue of a Tamil emperor within the outer walls of a Tamil Temple built by the Tamil Emperor on Tamil soil with Tamil money and labor? Indian Government decided, without any consultation with the Tamil Nadu Government, that it would take over the major temples in Tamil Nadu. Now nothing significant can be done without the consent of Hindians who control and dominate the Indian parliament.

2. A Brief Biography of Raja Raja Cholan

Who is this Raja Raja Cholan (more precisely, Raja Raja Cholan-I)? Readers who are fans of the popular Tamil novelist Kalki may be familiar with his historical novel “Ponniyin Selvan“. That novel is woven around the life of Raja Raja Cholan, also known an Arunmoli. Of course, much of the novel and many of the characters in it are fiction although that fiction is wrapped around historical events. What we present in this section are historical facts taken from such authoritative works as Dr. M.  Rajamanickam’s “Cholar Varalaru”, Nilakanta Sastri’s “The Cholas” and T. V. Sadasiva Pandarathar’s “History of the Later Cholas”. 

Rajarajantemple.jpg (35266 bytes)

Raja Rajan reigned between 985 AD and 1014 AD. It can be rightly said that the Second Golden Age of Tamil Nadu started with his reign and continued for another two centuries. (The First Golden Age of Tamil Nadu in known Tamil history was in the days of the Third Tamil Academy (Third Tamil Sangam)). He built one of the most glorious empires of South Asia that peaked during the regin of his son Rajendra Cholan – I and continued for another 200 years or so under his sons, grandsons and great grandsons. He was not only a great warrior king in the tradition of Cheran Senguttuvan, Cholan Karikalan and Pandian Nedunchezhian, he was also an able administrator, a patron of the arts and a devote Saivaite Hindu. 

During that period, Sinhala kings from Ilankai (now known as Sri Lanka and Ceylon) had the habit of interfering in Tamil Nadu by allying with one Tamil king against another, usually allying with Cheras or Pandias against the Cholas. (Of course, the blame should rightly be put on those Tamil kings who invited foreign interference and not on the Sinhala kings who made use of the opportunity.) So, after decisively defeating the Cheras and Pandias, Raja Rajan Cholan turned his attention to the Sinhalese King Mahinda-V. He assembled a naval armada and sent it to Sri Lanka. The Chola Navy defeated King Mahinda. After the military victory Raja Rajan built a Hindu temple there in Polonnaruva. 

Having defeated the enemy in the south, he moved north. The Chola army under the command of Crown Prince Rajendran marched north, all the way up to what is now Bijapur. The army defeated all who opposed its march north, including the powerful army of Chalukya Emperor Satyasraya who ruled the Deccans.

As noted before, Raja Rajan’s legacy is not just wars and conquests. He is remembered today primarily for the construction of the Tanjore Big Temple (Thanjavur Peria Koil). The temple is also called “Rajarajeswaram” after him. This Saivaite Hindu temple is one of the most beautiful and magnificent architectural monuments in South Asia. The magnificent tower and the delicate sculptures are truly a feast for the eyes. Not only Hindus from all over the world, but also tourists from around the world visit this temple. 

Though Raja Rajan was a devote Saivaite Hindu, he respected other religions. He built Vishnu temples in Mysore after he conquered the region. He not only permitted Silendra Emperor Srimara Vijayottunga Varman to build the Buddhist shrine Chudamanivihara in Tamil Nadu at Nagapattinam, he also contributed money for its construction.

Many arts – sculpture, painting, drama, dance and music – flourished during his time. He conduccted a survey of his kingdom and is considered a major achievement of that time. He divided the kingdom into a number of administrative units and appointed administrative officers for each unit. Villages were governed by local elders (a type of self-government). According to Dr. M. Rajamanickam, Raja Rajan’s administrative structure is comparable to modern administrative structure seen around the world. 

Raja Raja Cholan is truly one of the greatest rulers in Tamil history. This is in fact the reason why Hindi politicians who dominate and control the Indian Government refuse permission to install his statue within the outside walls of Thanjai Big Temple that he built. Let me elaborate.

3. The Reason Why?

Why do the Hindi politicians who control the Indian Government refuse permission to install Emperor Raja Raja Cholan’s statue within the outer walls of the Thanjai Big Temple? 

Many thousands of Hindu devotees and tourists from around the world visit the Thanjai Big Temple. If Raja Rajan’s statue is installed on the temple grounds for all to see, they may ask the others and tour guides about him and will come to know of his conquests, his majesty and the glorious days of the Second Golden Age of Tamil Nadu. The Hindian controlled Indian Government does not want people to know about this glorious past and the great kings of Tamil Nadu who are second to none. Hindian politicians and elite want people to think that all the glorious past of Indian history is centered on the Hindi heartland of today. They want to hide and put under a blanket all other histories, be it that of Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bengal, Karnataka, Kerala or Tamil Nadu, for example. 

Read the history books used at schools under the jurisdiction of the Indian Government (Central Schools and schools accredited under the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)). You will read in detail about the kings and emperors who ruled from what is today the Hindi heartland, for example, Chandra Guptan, Ashokan, Akbar, et al. But you will not read anything about the Tamil kings or the Bengali kings or the Assamese kings, etc. In the Indian history according to Hindians, these lands do not have a glorious history worth mentioning although, in truth, every one of these nations has a rich past. Refusal to grant permission to install the statue of one of the greatest emperors of South Asia on the grounds of the temple he built is just another attempt by the Hindian politicians to hide the glorious past of the Tamil people.

(NOTE: Emperor Raja Raja Cholan is not the only one whose history the Indian Government wants to hide. About two decades ago, the then Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi tried to distort the history of Emperor Rajendra Cholan’s conquest of the Ganges Plains (today’s Hindi land). I published an article about it in the Tamil magazine “Thamizh Nilam” a decade ago.)

73 responses to “Why is Emperor Raja Raja Cholan Standing outside Big Temple?

  1. Sureshkannan (Pulli)

    Super da……..

  2. Rukmini

    Great info!!!!

  3. ramesh

    annaithum tamil errunthal nandrak irrukum

  4. thiruvarasan

    Very proud of my tamizh kings. LIVE LONG THEIR HISTORY

  5. Radja

    great info. Sir if possible please upload also the one you published ln ‘Thamizh Nilam’

    thanking you

  6. மிகவும் அவசியமான,விரிவான விளக்கங்கள் !நன்றி !

  7. Aravindh

    Nichayam Rajarajanin perumaigal oru naal ulagirkee theriyavarum..!

  8. sathish

    great tamil

  9. vishnu

    THAMILAN ENDRU SOLLADA THALAI NIMIRNDHU NILLADA

  10. Mohankumar S R

    What Tamilnady MPs, MLAs and great Politicians are doing. It is really atrocious to hide the facts like this. We all should join together and fight for the right.

  11. saravana

    மிக அருமை

  12. cin

    Next birth,I want to born in king generation.I’m so proud of the Indian king.

  13. Dr.Madhu malar selvi.

    long live RAJARAJAR. best wishes to the founders of varalaru.com .I come to know about this site thru UDAYAR by Shri.Balakumaran.

  14. KRISHNAMOORTHY T

    I LIKE U R WORDS AND THOUGHTS….EXCELLENT EXPLAINATION ABOUT OUR ‘GREAT EMPEROR RAJA RAJA CHOLAN’….

  15. sussidharan

    fee
    l pity of hindianss… they are afraid of our tamils growth

  16. Jayasureshkumar

    Ayiram kaikal marithalum adavan maraivathilai……..

  17. siva

    tamil vzalanum thunai eruppoem tamil nanbargale

  18. நந்தினி தேவேந்திரன்

    தமிழர்கள் அனைவரும் கண்டிப்பாக படிக்க வேண்டிய புத்தகம், கல்கி அவர்களின் “பொன்னியின் செல்வன்”. தமிழின் பெருமையும் தமிழர்களின் பெருமையும் உலகம் எங்கும் பரவட்டும். வாழ்க தமிழ்!!!

    • UVARAJ

      NAAN PADITHA PUTHAGATHILEY MEGAVUM ARUMAYANA PUTHAGAM “பொன்னியின் செல்வன்”…

  19. RAJARAJESWARI

    THAMIL… SOLVE NAVENIKIRATHU……EN THERIYA VILAI EN ENNAVAN THANDHA THAMILIN ARUMAI EVARKUM!……

  20. Loganathan Samynathan

    If we read SIVAGAMIYIN SABATHAM, PARTHIBAN KANVU then PONNIYIN SELVAN, We can get more info

  21. Ok Sir, it is great to know that Tamilan are great. I’m from Malaysia and visited the Tanjai Kovil a year ago and why the tour guide who is Tamilan too didn’t take me to the place where Raja Raja Solan’s statue was built? Every Tamilan should promote every visitor to Solan’s statue so that it will be a must when visiting Tanjavoor. Valga Tamil!

  22. sathya

    Athanda innum engala valara vida mattringa.

  23. sathya

    Naan ikkulathin piranthathil perumai adaikiren.
    In english,
    I am proud to be born in the descend’s of great king.

  24. Radhiga

    very important message………Thanks for sharing this………..
    I feel proud of our king RajaRaja chozha and tanjore big temple……..

  25. Venkatraman.J

    The truth can not be hide for longer…. a day will come to be cherished upon preserving these heritage sites will speak about our glorious past to the future and certainly will regain our values……. Thanks for your effort of bring-up these information…Lot more to be unearthed…. Let us join hands together to unveil the facts of past history of Brave Tamil Land…….

  26. logu

    Are any steps in progress now to make the statue inside the temple?

  27. sowmi

    Nice effort…. try to publish this is in weekly book so that some more people will be aware of this as many ppl are not using online sources

  28. Suren5861

    Tamilan indre sollada,talei nimirnthu nee nillada…..

  29. bharathi

    Dear all please kindly share our great kings history to our family/friend circle to make them aware and proud

  30. Rajan . francis lobo

    nehru family aryans

  31. srinivasan

    Nalla kurippu, ellorukkum theriya vendiyathu.

  32. senthil karthikeyan

    tamizhan endru sollada thalai nimirndhu nilladaa……

  33. sunder

    Well……….all these hidden facts will come to light sooner or later. Tamilian’s rich history will be known one day! The west is slowly acknowledging it now.

  34. sivamoorthy

    very super

  35. Narendran karthikeyan

    wonderful share…. must be shared in all possible media like magazines, tv channels and social networks. friends please do it for our great kings

  36. anish kumar

    when we are reading about kings some thing open in us read this and share with your all learn history be happy its nice know

  37. Gowrish

    A good read.. Thanks for sharing and keep sharing.

    Vetri Vel Veera Vel…

  38. Ojas

    do you know why Indian govt. (or the archaeological dept.) didn’t agreed to install the statue inside the temple premises??

  39. very very beautiful in the temple in thajsavur i like it & all people visit in the place

  40. NG.Sandrasagar

    Raja Raja Cholan mannar rajiyathil ivargal illai yendral tamillukku pugal illai, Ulagahariya indrum yendrum avargal marainthalum appoluthum nam manathillum ninaivilum kudi kondar, kovil vadivangal amaitha kachigal maraivathu illai, Indru ulaga hariya tamilan yendra sol varthaigal saritirum padaithe vittargal, pooramai kollathai ,tamileh nir valga. T A M I L – Tamil-Alegana-Moliyagum-Indha-Logathil

  41. Sri Senguttuvan

    Hi
    Where are those Mannar Paramparai, who claimed today

    Why they donot make any attempt to bring said Chola inside of Big Temple
    Are they really so, if so why they are not taking any step

    They are the rulers to day
    Ask them, dont weep

    Then you know their true colors

  42. Rajarajan

    I like this temple .it is very beautiful Rajarajan is great Raja.my name also Rajarajan

  43. Sri Senguttuvan

    HI Rajarajan
    Great you bear this great name. Dont stop, get further moment to get like minded guys in a group and form an association for installing statute of our great king inside the temple

    I am ready to work for it

    Sri

  44. Sivaprakasam

    Great news about our tamizh king!!!!

    All Please visit tamilchinthanaiyaalarperavai site to know some more interesting news abt tamizh and also tamizh speaking countries!!!!!!

    Also pls suggest some good books to read more about our tamil history.

    Tamizh Vaazhga!!!!

  45. sreekanth

    Meendum avar varavendum v p p Peru udayar

  46. sneha

    na indianu solratha vida TAMILANu solla perumai padren

  47. mlakshmi.jp

    Nanum Epadi vaalntha Raja vota mannula poranthathuku rompavum peruma padura..im born in thanjavur

  48. vaithes

    tamil inathil piranthathurkku perumai kolgiren…..

  49. malathi

    please try to make to know this every people in tamilnadu.. everybody will support to install his statue inside… No one have the right to stop installing his statue inside. please…

  50. sivapprakasam.c

    some bodys says that the big temple of thiruvannamlai its has big defect in built ‘thats is temple is slightly crossed from its straight line
    i am waiting to know more about this

  51. I believe Rajraja Chola was one of the greatest kings in the world, but your logic as to why the ‘Hindians’ do not want to install his statue in the temple seems majorly flawed. The sole reason behind not allowing the statue of the great king inside is because the Hindian Government does not want Hindian masses to know about the glorious past of Chola and other dynasties. You are basically trying to say that other than seeing the statue inside the temple, there is no way that people would come to know about Rajraja and other kings of the south. Are you serious? You think one statue would make somebody like Rajraja disappear from history?

    In today’s age of internet there is no need for a statue to be inside a temple for people to know that south India had a glorious history. I have never been to that temple, yet I know about Rajraja. That is because I am interested in knowing the history of my country and the world. But people who are not interested, wont give a shit even after seeing a 400 ft statue, trust me. They will just take a picture of themselves beside it and move on.

    Also, you said, “you will not read anything about the Tamil kings or the Bengali kings or the Assamese kings.”. You are wrong again here. I do remember me and my elder brother (and other cousins) reading all the major dynasties that impacted the history of India, and that is where I remember the names of the kings like Rajraja, Marthend Verma etc.

    Instead of spreading your propaganda, you could actually focus more on providing people with the wonderful stories from our past. But I guess you are also one of those people who care less about the history and more about their ego.

    Thanks for the great article BTW.

    – A ‘Hindian’ history buff.

  52. that also his great say thing comment me was known this cholas & cheran

  53. M P E K P G N S my LIFE HERITARY

  54. Gowtham

    ippadi patta veera varalaru namathu tamil makkaluku theriya vaipom….

  55. Gowtham

    Thamilan yendru sollada thalai nimirnthu nillada….THAMILAN DA…….

  56. santhosh

    tamizhanda!!

  57. Fabricated story.. pls stick to facts and not mix it with ur own opinions

  58. Dr. S.n. Suresh

    I don’t believe the reason behind this is just hiding the reality. The tamilnadu government is not fully intersted in doing so. Put lot of pressure on them definitely they will accept it.

  59. manuj nanthan

    tamil in arumaiyai naan ippo thu than unarugeeren i am proud and dont blame other north indians !!! because avangalum indians tamil never DIES!!!!

  60. Ravikumar Thayagarajan

    I am from Malaysia n we learn about them in our history books. However sad to hear non of Tamil ppl in India doesn’t even know who they are and how great the empire was!

  61. Shankar

    Whatever it is…
    Still Tamilnadu takes 1st place in tourism of both Foreign and Indian Tourist.
    If Anyone visit Tamilnadu they at least know who is “Raja Raja Chola” !
    So No One cant Hide the SUN !
    [Just Passing Cloud !]

  62. Praveen

    Awesome article. Thanks for making us to know about the history.

  63. Prem Kumar Achari

    Not just the North our neighboring states hate us so so much they will not give us water, and fight for water. No one is ready to accept the fame, essence,purity,greatness and classical and the oldest language as Tamilzh. Tamilan natai andan annal epozhudhu avanai verru oruvan algiran.

  64. shrinivasan

    tamilargal endrum mudhanmaiyanavargal.. while britishers tried to hide the history of india hindians tries to hide the history of tamils.
    what a shame!!!!!!

  65. Mathava

    Hope he will be thought, in temple God only king , not for a man,,,,

    Dear Raja Raja chola, thanks for provied us the big temple, the all world are looking your (our ) Temple.

  66. Navin

    Hi
    Now Tell me how we can Bring back those statue into the temple. You exactly mentioned what is my observation about this Politician.

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